Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist who became one of the most famous and influential psychological thinkers and innovators of all time. Early in his career, Jung became close friends with Sigmund Freud. As a result, the two had a major parting of ways. Charting his own unique course, Jung combined an endless curiosity about the depths of the human psyche with a diverse, eclectic set of interests ranging from both Eastern and Western religions and philosophy to mysticism, mythology and anthropology.
Greek hero cult A classical hero is considered to be a "warrior who lives and dies in the pursuit of honor" and asserts their greatness by "the brilliancy and efficiency with which they kill". Classical heroes are commonly semi-divine and extraordinarily gifted, like Achillesevolving into heroic characters through their perilous circumstances.
Hector acted as leader of the Trojans and their allies in the defense of Troy, "killing 31, Greek fighters," offers Hyginus. Indeed, Homer places Hector as peace-loving, thoughtful as well as bold, a good son, husband and father, and without darker motives.
However, his familial values conflict greatly with his heroic aspirations in The Iliad, as he cannot be both the protector of Troy and a father to his child. He was the child of Thetis and Peleusmaking him a demi-god.
He wielded superhuman strength on the battlefield and was blessed with a close relationship to the Gods. Achilles famously refuses to fight after his dishonoring at the hands of Agamemnon, and only returns to the war due to unadulterated rage after Hector kills his close friend Patroclus.
Achilles plays a tragic role in The Iliad brought about by constant de-humanization throughout the epic, having his menis wrath overpower his philos love. Thus Heracles's name means "the glory of Hera ", even though he was tormented all his life by Hera, the Queen of the Gods. Perhaps the most striking example is the Athenian king Erechtheuswhom Poseidon killed for choosing Athena over him as the city's patron god.
Fateor destiny, plays a massive role in the stories of classical heroes. The classical hero's heroic significance stems from battlefield conquests, an inherently dangerous action.
Countless heroes and gods go to great lengths to alter their pre-destined fate, but with no success, as no immortal can change their prescribed outcomes by the three Fates. After learning that his son, Oedipuswill end up killing him, the King of Thebes, Laiustakes huge steps to assure his son's death by removing him from the kingdom.
But, Oedipus slays his father without an afterthought when he unknowingly encounters him in a dispute on the road many years later. The lack of recognition enabled Oedipus to slay his father, ironically further binding his father to his fate.
However, classical heroes often didn't embody the Christian notion of an upstanding, perfectly moral hero. Classical heroes, regardless of their morality, were placed in religion. In classical antiquitycults that venerated deified heroes such as HeraclesPerseusand Achilles played an important role in Ancient Greek religion.
It is a set of 22 common traits that he said were shared by many heroes in various cultures, myths and religions throughout history and around the world.
Raglan argued that the higher the score, the more likely the figure is mythical. Expounded mainly by Joseph Campbell in his work The Hero with a Thousand Facesit illustrates several uniting themes of hero stories that hold similar ideas of what a hero represents, despite vastly different cultures and beliefs.
The monomyth or Hero's Journey consists of three separate stages including the Departure, Initiation, and Return. Within these stages there are several archetypes that the hero or heroine may follow including the call to adventure which they may initially refusesupernatural aid, proceeding down a road of trials, achieving a realization about themselves or an apotheosisand attaining the freedom to live through their quest or journey.
Campbell offered examples of stories with similar themes such as KrishnaBuddhaApollonius of Tyanaand Jesus. Occidental Mythology, Campbell writes "It is clear that, whether accurate or not as to biographical detail, the moving legend of the Crucified and Risen Christ was fit to bring a new warmth, immediacy, and humanity, to the old motifs of the beloved TammuzAdonisand Osiris cycles.
The actions that fall into such a hero's sphere include: Departure on a quest Reacting to the test of a donor Marrying a princess or similar figure Propp distinguished between seekers and victim-heroes. A villain could initiate the issue by kidnapping the hero or driving him out; these were victim-heroes.
On the other hand, an antagonist could rob the hero, or kidnap someone close to him, or, without the villain's intervention, the hero could realize that he lacked something and set out to find it; these heroes are seekers.
Victims may appear in tales with seeker heroes, but the tale does not follow them both. Philosophy of history and Great man theory No history can be written without consideration of the lengthy list of recipients of national medals for braverypopulated by firefighters, policemen and policewomen, ambulance medics and ordinary have-a-go heroes.
The philosopher Hegel gave a central role to the "hero", personalized by Napoleonas the incarnation of a particular culture's Volksgeistand thus of the general Zeitgeist. Thomas Carlyle 's On Heroes, Hero Worship and the Heroic in History also accorded a key function to heroes and great men in history.
Carlyle centered history on the biography of a few central individuals such as Oliver Cromwell or Frederick the Great. His heroes were political and military figures, the founders or topplers of states. His history of great men included geniuses good and, perhaps for the first time in historical study, evil.
Explicit defenses of Carlyle's position were rare in the second part of the 20th century. Most in the philosophy of history school contend that the motive forces in history can best be described only with a wider lens than the one that Carlyle used for his portraits.The Wizard of Us: Transformational Lessons from Oz [Jean Houston] on monstermanfilm.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Take the journey of a lifetime with Human Potential visionary Jean Houston as she guides you through mythic Oz to become an essential human for the new world. Learn how to expand your mind. This is a brief introduction to the archetypes King, Warrior, Magician, Lover, as presented in the book by Robert Moore and Douglas Gillette.
There are many hero archetype examples to explore! Define the types of heroes in literature, and get students excited to identify hero types in every story.
There are many hero archetype examples to explore! Toggle navigation. Create a Storyboard; Prefer a different language?
Archetypes represent fundamental human motifs of our experience as we evolved; consequentially, they evoke deep emotions. Although there are many different archetypes, Jung defined twelve primary types that symbolize basic human motivations.
Each type has its own set of values, meanings and personality traits. Within the common 12 archetypes of Jung, diversified through many archetypal methodologies, there are 12 common shadows. These may be helpful when looking at your own character fears or flaws, or as embodiment characters for your hero .
Info about Jungian Psychology, Carl Jung, his map of the personal and collective unconscious, archetypes, complexes and Analytical Psychotherapy process.