It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. It houses 37 million people  and occupies a total area of 1, square kilometressquare milesmaking it the third-largest country in Africa. The capital is Khartoumlocated at the confluence of the Blue and White Nile. Sudan's history goes back to the Pharaonic periodwitnessing the kingdom of Kerma c.
He is also a lecturer of planning at University of Khartoum-Sudan. He worked as a part- time consultant in many architectural and planning firms in Sudan. He is currently on study leave doing a research leading to Ph. He had published several conference papers, Journal articles and reports.
His research interests focus on riverside development, community empowerment, and public participation in low-income communities.
Introduction An overview of Sudan Having an area of km2, Sudan is the largest country in Africa1. The heart of the country, in terms of population lies at the confluence of the Blue and White Nile where the three largest cities in the country Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman are located.
Omdurman Khartoum North Khartoum Fig. The horizontal expanse of the barren desert country, the slow movement of the great life giving Nile, the immense sky and the burning sun combined to create a singularly powerful environment 2. A lot of element are combined together to shape the quality of place in Khartoum,the confluence of the two rivers 3, the narrow,fast Blue Nile and the slow, wide White Nile, the interesting natural landscape, the decreasing, yet, magnificent urban agriculture, the natural forest of Al-Sunnut and the vast desert.
The above elements suggests that the living experience in the city of Khartoum very much linked to nature and to the riversides. Christian Norberg-Schulz, Academy edition, London.
Although the city CBD is relatively secure 4the majority of the riverside settlements in the city are not Fig. Fortunately, the vast urban agriculture areas boarding the riverside act as flood control zones that absorbs and delay flood water progress.
Most of those areas are located at Al-Sunnut forest 5Tuti island and University of Khartoum riverfront. Add Khartoum Flooding prone zones Map Fig. In general, Khartoum CBD is composed of a very homogeneous activities that are dominated by commercial, business and services functions.
A belt of mixed-multi-functional activities surrounds those functions. While most of city settlers live in the periphery, the city downtown is generally empty a part from the business hours. This phenomena was reflected directly to the pattern of activities along the CBD riverside.
Introductions to the change project General Introduction The economic boom occurs in Sudan during the last 15 years was accompanied by rapid, uncontrolled development in the capital region.
While Khartoum had witnessed three previous master plans since independence inlack of descent development policies and the weak planning institution had contributed to poor management and development along the riverside.
The geographical location of Khartoum as a city that is connected by the rivers River Nile and its tribunes places an opportunity of achieving an active city connection through the river. As a matter of fact, there are several ferry line working along those rivers, yet they are poorly maintained and generally inefficient.
The connection to the historical old Tuti Island is not an exception. Spatial design, urban morphology and infrastructure are not yet up to the challenge placed by the city growing urban changes.
The poor utilisation of those resources can be traced back to: In general, the bad experience of dealing with development around the riverside and the city at large has led to lack of recognition of the important role of physical planning, both by the government and the public.
Objectives of the change project The objective of this change project is to contribute to; 1. Guide development along the riverside to ensure that the development meets the basic principles of sustainable development 6.Capital Facts for Khartoum, Sudan March 10, by Danny Metrics Sudan flag Home to the country’s largest airport, Khartoum is the capital city for the Republic of Sudan.
An overview: South Sudan’s civil war It ended in with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Government of Sudan in the capital Khartoum and the rebel group Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) in the south.
The Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan (HSBA). At the top left, the capital city of Sudan, Khartoum, is located at the convergence of the Blue Nile and the White Nile. Although the Blue Nile is much shorter than the White Nile, it contributes about 80% of the flow of the river.
Khartoum State (Arabic: ولاية الخرطوم Wilāyat al-Ḫarṭūm) is one of the eighteen states of monstermanfilm.comgh it is the smallest state by area (22, km 2), it is the most populous (5,, in census).
  It contains the country's largest city by population, Omdurman, and the city of Khartoum, which is the capital of the state as well as the national capital.
Khartoum: the most selfish city? Sudan’s almost exclusively Arab capital has buried its head in the sand for too long, as the multiethnic country around it .
Khartoum is the capital and second largest city of the Republic of Sudan. It is located in central Sudan at the confluence of the Blue Nile and the White Nile rivers.
The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and finally into the Mediterranean Sea.