In the past, a great semi-circle of "Catholic enemies" had hemmed them in from French Canada and Louisiana on their north and west to Spanish Florida in the south. That change, the colonists assumed, would bring peace and security beyond anything they or their parents or their parents' parents had known. And now nothing would keep them from spilling beyond the Appalachian Mountains. In the wave of patriotism that swept the colonies after the French and Indian War, no one doubted that the America of the future would be British.
Although no one can doubt that almost years of British rule in India had a profound effect on Indian culture, economy, politics and the Indian society as a whole, I now seek to determine the extent of their colonial dominance and if India really benefitted from it.
Firstly, on the economic front, the new economic structure brought by the British in the 18th century was a form of "plunder" and a catastrophe for the traditional economy of Mughal India. The British were guilty of depleting the food and money stocks and of imposing high taxes that resulted in the terrible famine ofwhich killed a third of the people of Bengal.
The British argue that their takeover did not make any sharp break with the past, which largely delegated control to regional Mughal rulers and sustained a generally prosperous economy for the rest of the 18th century.
But the reality is that the British seized power by brute force and impoverished all of India. The same cannot be said though, about the ideological impact of the British. India has maintained such central British institutions as democracy, parliamentary government, universal adult franchise and the rule of law through the judiciary.
They retained as well the institutional arrangements of the Raj such as district administration, universities and stock exchanges. They promoted education, which led to the emergence of the middle class in the Indian society.
As a result of this, we Indians are noticeably more liberal in our thinking. Unintentionally, they also helped in forging a spirit of unity and nationalism, by fostering common hatred against them.
But, probably the most important of these impacts was the one they had on the political structure of pre-Independence India.
Seeing as the Indians were numerically superior, the British devised an ingenious plan to take advantage of the unstable balance of power in the subcontinent. The effects of the Partition of Bengal and of India can be felt even today.
They recruited Indians to aid them in their conquest and thus, gulfed the difference in numerical strength. After that, it was easy to pick off one province after another. The technological superiority also gave them an advantage over the antiquated Indians. But the telecommunications network, the railway, postal service and various infrastructural advancements they developed in India were for their own benefit.
In the end, though, a lot of questions are left unasked and unanswered. Would we have reached the same economic, cultural and ideological standard that we have presently? Would we have been a power to be reckoned with were it not for the Partition?The Colonies Under British Rule.
Historian Pauline Maier: "The British colonists saw the year as a great watershed in American history. In the past, a great semi-circle of "Catholic enemies" had hemmed them in from French Canada and Louisiana on their north and west to Spanish Florida in the south.
The Negative Effects of Indirect Rule on Africans Indirect rule was a system of ruling Africans that sought not to displace African authority, but instead to rule through it. It was first used by the British and later adopted by other European powers after they witnessed its success.
The Effects Of British Colonial Rule. Print Reference this.
Published: 23rd March, where numbers today claim these groups were around different ethnicities. during the Berlin Conference, Nigeria was acknowledged to be under the British sphere of influence in Africa; needless to say that the Berlin Conference of lacked any.
By Anuj Singh The Effect of British Colonization of South Africa South Africa before British rule Arrival of the Europeans in South Africa. Portuguese were the first ones sent to South Africa Than in , the Dutch East India company was sent to build a fort and hospital in the Cape of Good Hope, today .
Indirect rule is a system of government used by the British and French to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in Africa and Asia, through pre-existing local power structures. These dependencies were often called "protectorates" or "trucial states". The same cannot be said though, about the ideological impact of the British.
India has maintained such central British institutions as democracy, parliamentary government, universal adult franchise and the rule of law through the judiciary.