The ruins over the caves A passageway within the ruins The caves are believed to have been built approximately to years ago,  nearly around the same time as Jogeshwari caves which were built between CE. The monks were the missionaries of the revolutionary message of the Buddha and the best places to spread the new message where the nodes of trade routes. Maharashtra and many of its hills in the Western Ghats fit their purpose. The monks would dig out prayer halls or chaitya-grihas in the caves, while building votive stupas and dwelling places for themselves.
Concealed within the desolate, rocky landscape of the Makran coastline of Southern Balochistan, Pakistan, is an architectural gem that has gone unnoticed and unexplored for centuries. The Makran Coastal Highway. Rather, the site looks like a gigantic, rock-cut, architectural complex.
A cursory glance at the impressive sculpture shows the Sphinx to have a well-defined jawline, and clearly discernible facial features such as eyes, nose, and mouth, which are placed in seemingly perfect proportion to each other.
Striking similarities can be drawn between its face, and that of athe Balochistan Sphinx. The Sphinx appears to be decked up in a head-dress that closely resembles the Nemes head-dress of the Egyptian pharaoh.
The Nemes headdress is a striped head-cloth that covers the crown and back of the head. It has two large, conspicuous, flaps which hang down behind the ears and in front of the shoulders.
The ear-flaps can be discerned on the Balochistan Sphinx, as well as some stripe marks. The Sphinx has a horizontal groove across its forehead, which corresponds to the pharaonic headband that holds the Nemes headdress in place.
One can easily make out the contours of the reclining forelegs of the Sphinx, which terminate in very well-defined paws.
It is difficult to see how nature could have carved out a statue that resembles a well-known mythical animal to such an astonishingly accurate degree.
The Balochistan Sphinx resembles the Egyptian sphinxes in many respects. From a distance, it looks like a Hindu Temple like those of South Indiawith a Mandapa entrance hall and a Vimana temple spire.
The top part of the Vimana appears to be missing. The Sphinx is reclining in front of the temple, acting as protector of the sacred site. The Balochistan Sphinx reclines in front of a temple-like structure.
In ancient Egypt, the sphinx had the body of a lion, but its head could be that of a man Androsphinxa ram Criosphinx or a falcon Hierocosphinx. In Greece, the sphinx had the head of a woman, the wings of an eagle, the body of a lioness, and according to some, the tail of a serpent.
Raja Deekshithar identified 3 basic forms of the Indian sphinx: A crouching sphinx with a human face, but with certain lion characteristics like mane and elongated ears A striding or jumping sphinx with a fully human face A half-upright or fully-upright sphinx, sometimes with moustaches and long beards, often in an act of worshipping a Shiva-linga.
In Myanmar, they are called Manusiha from the Sanskrit manu-simha, meaning man-lion. They are depicted in a cat-like crouching posture at the corners of Buddhist stupas. They wear a tapering crown and ornamental ear-flaps, and have feathered wings attached to their front limbs.Indian rock-cut architecture1 Indian rock-cut architecture Oldest Rockcut cave of India Barabar Caves Entrance of Rockcut cave.
Dec 31, · UNIT 1. SUB UNIT -1; Historical perspective of Indian Cultural heritage: Literature and Art forms from ancient times to (Major structural and rock-cut temple architecture, sculptural art and major schools of paintings).
Most Indian rock-cut architecture is religious in nature. The carvings are often ancient Indian deities.
There are more than 1, rock-cut structures known in India. Stone age is classified into Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic ages. The Mesolithic age saw the beginning of domestication of animals and development of small fine tools such as chipped stones and carved bones.
The period was a glorious chapter for rock cut architecture. The rock paintings were well developed and refined. Hindu architecture evolved over the centuries from simple rock-cut cave shrines to massive and ornate temples which spread across the Indian sub-continent and beyond, forming a canonical style which is still adhered to today in modern Hindu temples across the globe.
Essential elements of the style are precise and harmonious geometry when viewed from all four sides and above, the square form.
Indian rock-cut architecture's wiki: Indian rock-cut architecture is more various and found in greater abundance than any other form of rock-cut architecture around the world. Rock-cut architecture is the practice of creating a structure by carving it out of solid natural rock.