Email What started as a rule of protection for Afghan women under the law of the Taliban now looks like severe descrimination.
Freedom to participate in political life Maintaining the constitutional protection of these rights Many of the women expressed frustration that there is little transparency about the government's reintegration and reconciliation plans.
They are well aware that initiatives and policies are currently being drawn up that will have enormous impact on them, but they have not been kept informed, let alone consulted.
Women want to be included in a serious manner while they still have a chance to make recommendations and influence decisions.
They also want to be represented in large numbers if a peace jirga takes place by women who will advocate their views and rights - not by what they fear may be compliant and token delegates.
The following recommendations are largely drawn from their demands: Prioritizing women's inclusion at every stage of planning for reintegration and reconciliation. Prioritizing women's inclusion in decision making bodies.
Ensuring that women who participate in decision making bodies and the peace jirga are representative of women civil society activists ideally they should be nominated by the Afghan Women's Network and Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission.
Ensuring that those who broker deals do so in a transparent and inclusive way. Ensuring that the government of Afghanistan offers guarantees of women's constitutional rights, including basic freedoms such as access to education, right to work, access to health, access to justice, freedom of speech and freedom of movement.
Ensuring that a proportion of the financial incentives to communities to support reintegration should be used to support women's empowerment and development. Ensuring that mechanisms are in place to protect the rights of women and girls in reintegration and reconciliation plans through rigorous monitoring and mechanisms of redress.
Devoting a significant proportion of international donor assistance including funds going through the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund to women's needs in the areas of reconstruction, rule of law, and access to formal justice.
Traditional Dispute Resolution Part of the reintegration package being considered involves efforts to strengthen or create traditional dispute resolution mechanisms.
While in the abstract this sounds sensible in a country where the court system is hardly functional and does not reach isolated areas, traditional dispute resolution can be very dangerous for women.
It is already widely practiced and routinely involves "settlements" harmful to women, including the use of baad providing women or girls as compensation for a crime or civil dispute, including in rape cases and honor killings. The Ministry of Women's Affairs, the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, and the Afghan Women's Network have all expressed strong concerns about measures that might bring added legitimacy to these customary practices.
Their intervention has resulted in significant improvements in the new policy guidelines on paper, but they maintain valid fears about their practical implementation, particularly at the village level and in more conservative areas of the country.
Support for this initiative from the United States appears to be driven by counter-insurgency objectives, to address concerns among Afghans that the court system is too corrupt or weak or absent in rural areas to address or resolve disputes.
This has been exploited by the Taliban, which in some areas has been quick to provide forms of dispute resolution through its own processes. Yet informal justice initiatives are unlikely to make the protection of women's rights a priority while the motivation for these initiatives is counter-insurgency rather than justice and rights.
We urge that the US insist that any policies or programs on traditional dispute resolution: Make the protection of women's rights a principal objective, not to be traded to obtain other goals.
Help ensure that women's constitutional rights are protected in any judicial or dispute resolution system. Ensure that baad and honor killings are never used in criminal or civil cases and that those who continue to engage in these practices are prosecuted.
Do not result in resources being diverted away from strengthening the formal justice system, particularly at local levels, and women's access to justice through the courts.
Attacks on Women in Public Life One of the great advances since is the possibility for Afghan women to be active in politics, government, civil society and other spheres of public life. Yet women in public life are subject to routine threats and intimidation. Several high-profile women have been assassinated in recent years, and their killers have not been brought to justice.
Women in insurgent-controlled areas are often threatened and intimidated into retreating to their homes. Every time a woman in public life is killed, her death has a multiplier effect, as women in her region or profession will think twice about their public activities. Women in parliament and on provincial councils face challenges that their male counterparts do not, and require specific training, support and protection.
Without a strong platform in government and society from which to lobby for their rights, women's advancement in Afghanistan will grind to a halt. We urge the United States to: Press the Afghan government to investigate and prosecute attacks on women in public life.
Encourage President Karzai to maintain the reservation of 25 percent of seats for women in parliament and extend this to all sub national forms of government. Work towards the implementation of the demand from women leaders at the London conference that women be allocated 25 percent of positions in all government bodies, particularly in decision-making positions, the peace jirga, and civil service, including senior positions in the civil service.
Work with the government to provide protection for women facing personal threats. Develop specific training programs on law, rights and governance for women in parliament, provincial councils, and all sub national forms of government.
Support programs of gender awareness for men at all levels public life to discourage discrimination and an atmosphere of hostility and intimidation. · Women's Role in Female Oppression. author of the classic Women's Inhumanity to Women, bluntly acknowledge it. Chesler acknowledges it because she survived tyranny as a new bride in Afghanistan monstermanfilm.com · The women’s rights discourse that was initiated, developed and led by Afghan women’s rights activists and feminists, both female and male, inside and outside Afghanistan, is expansive and vibrant; but it is also full of contradictions that reflect the diversity of opinions, experiences and backgrounds in the monstermanfilm.com://monstermanfilm.com Oppression of Hazara in Afghanistan was an official selection of the WVN Online Film Festival.
The Women’s Voices Now Online Film Archive seeks to amplify the voices of all women through the power of film to realize the aspirations of global women’s monstermanfilm.com THE OPPRESSION AGAINST WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN PORTRAYED IN KHALED HOSSEINI’S A THOUSAND SPLENDID SUNS Sri Wulandari Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul Ulum monstermanfilm.com?article=&val= Women in Afghanistan After Outline Issues Improvements Status Quo Declines Issues Violence against women Child and forced marriage Girls’ access to education, especially secondary educationmonstermanfilm.com · the impact of u.s.
intervention on afghan women's rights When the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in ,18 the opposition to women's emancipation grew stronger and gained monstermanfilm.com?article=&.